Journal of South Asian Association of Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 6 , ISSUE 3 ( September-December, 2023 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Comparative Evaluation of Abrasive Effect of Three Commercially Available Children's Toothpastes in India on Glass Ionomer Cement: An In Vitro Study

KS Poonacha, Saylee Deshmukh, Seema Bargale, Anshula N Deshpande, Sejal Jain, Riddhika Shah

Keywords : Abrasion, Children, Glass ionomer cement, Profilometer, Toothpastes

Citation Information : Poonacha K, Deshmukh S, Bargale S, Deshpande AN, Jain S, Shah R. Comparative Evaluation of Abrasive Effect of Three Commercially Available Children's Toothpastes in India on Glass Ionomer Cement: An In Vitro Study. J South Asian Assoc Pediatr Dent 2023; 6 (3):118-123.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10077-3283

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-12-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background: The roughness of the surfaces of restorations increases after brushing of teeth, leading to an increase in the accumulation of plaque and stains, thus increasing the risk of dental caries formation. Aim: To compare and evaluate the abrasive effect of three different commercially available children's toothpastes on the surface properties of conventional restorative glass ionomer cement (GIC). Materials and methods: Around 40 samples were prepared using conventional GIC, which were divided equally into four groups containing 10 samples each which were subjected to toothbrushing using the test apparatus and different toothpastes for each group for a duration of 2 minutes twice daily for 15 days—group I—Colgate Anticavity toothpaste for kids; group II—Chicco Dentifrico Toothpaste; group III—Cheerio Fluoride Medicated Gel; and group IV—water. Intergroup and intragroup comparisons were made using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and paired sample t-tests, with p < 0.05. Results: After applying a procedure corresponding to about 1 year of toothbrushing in the mouth, positive results were obtained in terms of the abrasive effect caused by children's toothpastes on the surface of GIC restorations. The mean surface abrasion of GIC samples varied significantly between all groups at baseline and after brushing (p < 0.001). Among the toothpastes used, group II showed maximum increase in surface abrasion (31.76%), whereas group I showed the least (12.94%). Conclusion: Toothpaste-containing hydrated silica caused the most abrasion on surface of GIC. Children's toothpastes with low relative dentin abrasivity (RDA) value should be recommended in terms of causing low surface abrasion of the GIC restorations, thus reducing the plaque accumulation on the surface of the restoration.


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