Journal of South Asian Association of Pediatric Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 6 , ISSUE 2 ( May-August, 2023 ) > List of Articles


Content Analysis of Oral Health Information in Science Textbooks: A Cross-sectional Study in Schools of Bareilly City, India

Shivangi Sharma, Jean N Murry, N Sathyajith Naik, Pallavi Vashishth, Smriti Saxena, Mongshithung N Murry

Keywords : Content analysis, Health messages, School textbooks

Citation Information : Sharma S, Murry JN, Naik NS, Vashishth P, Saxena S, Murry MN. Content Analysis of Oral Health Information in Science Textbooks: A Cross-sectional Study in Schools of Bareilly City, India. J South Asian Assoc Pediatr Dent 2023; 6 (2):62-65.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10077-3263

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 29-08-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Auhtor(s).


Background: Oral health affects general health, way of life, and well-being. Early tooth loss is an indication that the general population is ignorant about dental disorders. Books can influence children's thinking regarding habits and how to incorporate them into their lifestyles in addition to serving as their primary source of knowledge. This study evaluated the oral health information presented in science textbooks for standard I–X across various school boards in Bareilly city. Materials and methods: A total of 26 schools from standards I to X across a variety of boards were involved in the current survey. To conduct content analysis for different standards based on content, extent, and evidence, an assessment instrument of important components associated with oral health was employed. The data were analyzed descriptively using Microsoft Excel 2013. Results: A maximum of 17 core components were found in the ICSE Board, followed by 11 core components in the CBSE Board, and only one core component was found in the State Board of Bareilly city. About 109 messages and 74 pictures were found on the CBSE Board, and 102 messages and 55 pictures were found on the ICSE Board. Only three messages and four pictures were found on State (UP) Board. Conclusion: The textbooks from various publications used in Bareilly city State Board schools severely lack information on dental health. Included oral health-related material is essential for decreasing the prevalence of dental illnesses among teachers and students.

  1. Ebinezer J, Nagaraj V. Prevalence of dental caries among children in Indian population. J Sci Dent 2021;11(1):29–30. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10083-0923
  2. Dunning J. Dental Health Education. Principles of Dental Public Health. 3rd ed. Cambridge: Harvard University Press; 1979. p. 370–1.
  3. Global Burden of Disease Collaborative Network. Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 (GBD 2019). Seattle: Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME); 2020.
  4. Macnab A, Radziminski N, Budden H, et al. Brighter smiles Africa-translation of a Canadian community-based Health-promoting school program to Uganda. Educ Health 2010;23(2):241.
  5. Muirhead VE, Lawrence HP. Exploring school oral health outcomes and neighbourhood factors in schools participating in Ontario's “Healthy Schools” Recognition Program. Can J Public Health 2011;102(1):30–34. DOI: 10.1007/BF03404873
  6. Petersen PE, Peng B, Tai B, et al. Effect of a school-based oral health education programme in Wuhan City, Peoples Republic of China. Int Dent J 2004;54(1):33–41. DOI: 10.1111/j.1875-595x.2004.tb00250.x
  7. Geetha Priya PR, Asokan S, Kandaswamy D, et al. Health camps in schools and content analysis of the school textbooks: a cross-sectional study in Tamil Nadu. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2016;34(3):223–226. DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.186756
  8. Baysac MA, Horowitz AM, Ma DS. Oral cancer information in health education textbooks. J Cancer Educ 2004;19(1):12–16. DOI: 10.1207/s15430154jce1901_07
  9. D’Onofrio CN, Singer R. Unplanned nutrition education in the schools: sugar in elementary reading texts. J Sch Health 1983;53(9):521–526. DOI: 10.1111/j.1746-1561.1983.tb01147.x
  10. Saito J, Nonaka D, Mizoue T, et al. Limited potential of school textbooks to prevent tobacco use among students grade 1-9 across multiple developing countries: a content analysis study. BMJ Open 2013;3(2):e002340. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002340
  11. Dagar DS, Kakodkar PV, Shetiya SH. Content analysis of oral health information in science textbooks: a cross-sectional study in schools of Pune, India. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent 2020;18(3):250–255. DOI: 10.4103/jiaphd.jiaphd_49_20
  12. de Irala J, Urdiain IG, López Del Burgo C. Analysis of content about sexuality and human reproduction in school textbooks in Spain. Public Health 2008;122(10):1093–103. DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2008.01.005
  13. Barrio-Cantalejo IM, Ayudarte-Larios LM, Hernán-García M, et al. Are the health messages in schoolbooks based on scientific evidence? A descriptive study. BMC Public Health 2011;11(1):54. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-54
  14. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Periodicity of examination, preventive dental services, anticipatory guidance/ counseling, and oral treatment for infants, children, and adolescents. The Reference Manual of Pediatric Dentistry. Chicago, Ill.: American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry; 2022:253–265.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.