Journal of South Asian Association of Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 3 ( September-December, 2022 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Pediatric Dentofacial Trauma during COVID-19 Lockdown Period in North Indian Population: The changed Trends

Ruchi Singhal, Virendra Singh, Ritu Namdev, Amrish Bhagol, Nancy Goel

Keywords : Children, Coronavirus disease 2019, Dentofacial trauma, Lockdown, Pandemic, Pediatric

Citation Information : Singhal R, Singh V, Namdev R, Bhagol A, Goel N. Pediatric Dentofacial Trauma during COVID-19 Lockdown Period in North Indian Population: The changed Trends. J South Asian Assoc Pediatr Dent 2022; 5 (3):117-120.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10077-3237

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 26-12-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background/aims: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted the life of mankind, including the epidemiology and pattern of dentofacial traumatic (DFT) injuries. The aim of the present study is to quantify and analyze the characteristics of DFT among children during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown period in 2020 and to compare this to data over the same period in 2019 (prepandemic/prelockdown period). Materials and methods: Data of patients aged 0–12 years who suffered DFT was collected retrospectively from the beginning of the lockdown period, that is, 24th March 2020, till the day lockdown restriction was eased, that is, 31st May 2020. The children aged 0–12 years with similar characteristics who reported during a similar time period in the year 2019 were kept as the comparator group. The outcomes studied were epidemiology, etiology, and pattern of injury. Result: Total number of children who suffered DFT increased during the pandemic lockdown in 2020 as compared to the prepandemic period. The place where the injury occurred was significantly changed to the indoor environment. Fall was still the major cause of trauma. Luxation injuries were more frequent than tooth fractures (p < 0.05). Conservative management was more favored during the lockdown period. Conclusion: Results suggest that the lockdown period had affected the epidemiology, etiology, and diagnosis of traumatic dentofacial injuries in children. We must plan our resources considering the expected wave/school shutdowns in the future and the increased incidence of traumatic dental injuries in children. While trends were evident in the collected data, these must be carefully interpreted as this was a single-center study with a small sample size.


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