Biomedical waste management, COVID-19, Medical waste disposal
Citation Information :
Choudhary M, Balappanavar AY, Gupta S, Ghosh S, Verma M. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Dental Health Care Professional Toward Biomedical Waste Management During COVID-19. J South Asian Assoc Pediatr Dent 2022; 5 (1):3-10.
Background: Dental practices produce large amounts of biomedical waste (BMW); improper disposal of which can cause harm to us and the environment. Amidst the corona virus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the scenario had further worsened with piles of personal protective equipment (PPE) accumulating in the hospitals. It is important to carry out proper disposal of BMW in order to break the chain of infection. Hence, this study was carried out to assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of dental healthcare professionals about important aspects of BMWM and its amended guidelines during COVID-19.
Method: A cross-sectional questionnaire study was carried out among a convenient sample of dental professionals in a tertiary care dental center which was also a sampling center for COVID-19. A total of 107 participants returned back the questionnaire which was sent through mail. The questionnaire was validated. The subjects were followed up telephonically.
Results: The knowledge, attitude, and practice scores for all subjects were 2.01 ± 3.306, 3.62 ± 1.40, and 3.81 ± 1.22, respectively, and were found to be significant on ANOVA test. The difference in knowledge and attitude score and knowledge and practice score among subjects was found to be significant on Turkey HSD post hoc test. Among sociodemographic characters, the difference in knowledge score was significant between males and females and between graduate and postgraduate.
Conclusion: Although the knowledge score is less for all subjects, the attitude and practice scores suggest a positive response of study subjects toward BMWM. It is, therefore, necessary to carry out periodic training of the healthcare professionals to reinforce the basic knowledge.
Datta P, Mohi GK, Chander J. Biomedical waste management in India: Critical appraisal. J Lab Phys 2018;10(1):6–14. DOI: 10.4103/JLP.JLP_89_17
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India(2016)Biomedical Waste Management Rules-2016. [online] Available from http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/file/BMW%20Rules,%202016.pdf. [Last accessed March, 2022].
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India. (2018). Biomedical Waste Management (Amendment) Rules-2018. Available at: http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/file/Bio%20medical%20waste%20management%20(amendment)183847.pdf. [Last accessed March, 2022].
Singh A, Unnikrishnan S, Dongre S. Biomedical waste management in India: awareness and novel approaches. Biomed J Sci Tech Res 2019;13(4):10089–10091. DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2019.13.002424
World Health Organization. (2020). Rational use of personal protective equipment (PPE) for coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Interim Guidance. [online] Available from https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/331498/WHO-2019-nCoV-IPCPPE_use-2020.2-eng.pdf. [Last accessed March, 2022].
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. (2019). Novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Guidelines on Rational Use of Personal Protective Equipment. [online] Available from https://www.mohfw.gov.in/pdf/GuidelinesonrationaluseofPersonalProtectiveEquipment.pdf. [Last accessed March, 2022].
Das A, Garg R, Ojha B, Banerjee T. Biomedical Waste Management: The challenge amidst COVID-19 Pandemic. J Lab Phys. 2020;12(2): 161–162. DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1716662
Yu H, Sun X, Solvang WD, et al. Reverse logistics network design for effective management of medical waste in epidemic outbreaks: insights from the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in Wuhan (China). Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020;17:1770. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17051770
Ramteke S, Sahu BL. Novel Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic: considerations for biomedical waste sector in India. CSCEE.2020;2:100029.
UNEP. (2020). BASEL: waste managementWastemanagement an essential public service in the fight to beat COVID-19. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Basel Convention. [online] Available from http://www.basel.int/Implementation/PublicAwareness/PressReleases/andCOVID19/tabid/8376/Default.aspx. [Last accessed March, 2022].
Sharma HB, Vanapalli KR, Cheela VR, et al. Challenges, opportunities, and innovations for effective solid waste management during and post COVID-19 pandemic. Resour Conserv Recycl 2020;162:105052. DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2020.105052
Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), Guidelines for handling, treatment and disposal of waste generated during treatment/diagnosis/quarantine of COVID-19 patients. New Delhi: Central Pollution Control Board; Government of India. 2020.
Mousazadeh S, Rakhshan M, Mohammadi F, et al. Investigation of content and face validity and reliability of sociocultural attitude towards appearance Questionnaire-3 among female adolescents. Iran J Psychiatry. 2017;12:15–20.
Karmakar N, Datta SS, Datta A, et al. A cross-sectional study on knowledge, attitude and practice of biomedical waste management by healthcare personnel in a tertiary care hospital of Agartala, Tripura. Nat J Res Community Med 2016;5:189-95.
Pandey A, Dardi CK. KAP study on bio-medical waste management among interns in a tertiary care hospital in Maharashtra. Int J Community Med Pub Health 2017;4(11):4174–4177. DOI: 10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20174823
Samarakoon MA, Gunawardena NS. An evaluation of healthcare waste management in base hospitals of Colombo district. J Coll Community Phys Sri Lanka 2011;16:15–20. DOI:10.4038/jccpsl.v16i2.4576
Deress T, Hassen F, Adane K, et al. Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice about Biomedical Waste Management and Associated factors among the Healthcare Professionals at Debre Markos Town Healthcare Facilities, Northwest Ethiopia. J Environmental Public Health 2018;2018:767298. DOI: 10.1155/2018/7672981
Kanchi P. Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, regarding Hospital Waste management among nurses and interns of Tertiary care hospitals of Navi Mumbai. SJAMS 2017;5:526–530.
Ahmed MA, Jouhar R, Ahmed N, et al. Fear and Practice Modifications among Dentists to Combat Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Outbreak. Int J Environ Res Pub Health 2020;17:2821. DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17082821