Journal of South Asian Association of Pediatric Dentistry

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VOLUME 4 , ISSUE 2 ( July-September, 2021 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH

Resin Infiltration for Esthetic Improvement of Mild to Moderate Non-pitted Fluorosis Stains in 6–12-year-old Children: A Randomized 6-month Interventional Study

Ishika Garg, Arun Kumar

Keywords : Esthetic improvement, Non-pitted fluorosis, Resin infiltration

Citation Information : Garg I, Kumar A. Resin Infiltration for Esthetic Improvement of Mild to Moderate Non-pitted Fluorosis Stains in 6–12-year-old Children: A Randomized 6-month Interventional Study. J South Asian Assoc Pediatr Dent 2021; 4 (2):96-103.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10077-3078

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 26-08-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background: Dental fluorosis is the hypomineralization of tooth enamel due to excessive fluoride, resulting in opaque white areas or discoloration of teeth. The available treatment modalities to improve the esthetics affected due to fluorosis include non-invasive and invasive methods. Nowadays, a newer non-invasive treatment that is resin infiltration (RI) is gaining increasing popularity. The present study evaluated and compared the clinical success in esthetic improvement (EI) and changes in white/brown opacities/stains (SC) of RI on non-pitted fluorosis stains. Materials and methods: A total of 18 patients in the age range of 6–12 years with the unesthetic appearance of upper anterior teeth due to non-pitted fluorosis were randomly selected and subjected to an RI procedure. Evaluation for EI and changes in white/brown opacities/stains (SC) was done on the visual analog scale (VAS). Results: The results were statistically highly significant (p < 0.01) for the mean VAS score values of EI (p = 0.001) and SC (p = 0.001) between the follow-up time intervals with the highest values at time interval 6 months followed by 3 months, 1 month, and least at immediate postoperative. Furthermore, inter-grade comparison of fluorosis showed a highly significant difference (p < 0.01) for the VAS scores for both EI and SC with the highest mean VAS score values in a very mild degree of fluorosis, followed by mild and moderate degrees. Conclusion: Resin infiltration is a promising procedure that demonstrated remarkably successful EI in mild to moderate non-pitted fluorosis with a stable long-term positive outcome.


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