There is a rise in demand for pediatric dentists in pediatric settings to look into not only the physical but also the psychological health of their child and adolescent patients. Brief interventions (BIs), and in particular motivational interviewing (MI), offers an ideal means of changing behavioral, developmental and social problems within the scenario of dental practice in pedodontics. Motivational interviewing is a well-established and tested method of counseling made by Miller and Rollnick and thought of as a useful modification strategy in treatment of lifestyle diseases. This makes the patients motivated and helps them to the process of change. Once the healthier behavior is learned, it can increase or decrease the likelihood for sustained behavior change. Motivational interviewing is a psychological instrument developed in recent times with main objective of providing patients, including children with low motivation to achieve and retain behavioral changes. Motivational interviewing can be used in pedodontics for increased capability in proper brushing, flossing, and application of fluoride varnish. Thus, this review is aimed to know the role of MI in pediatric dentistry as a whole.
Petersen PE. Challenges to improvement of oral health in the 21st century - the approach of the WHO Global Oral Health Programme. Int Dent J 2004;54(6 Suppl 1):329–343. DOI: 10.1111/j.1875-595X.2004.tb00009.x.
Petersen PE, Bourgeois D, Ogawa H, et al. The global burden of oral diseases and risks to oral health. Bull World Health Org 2005;83(9):661–669.
World Health Organization. WHO Bulletin special theme on oral health. Geneva: WHO; 2005.
Brown LF. Research in dental health education and health promotion: a review of the literature. Health Educ Q 1994;21(1):83–102. DOI: 10.1177/109019819402100109.
Nash DA. Pediatric oral health therapists are important to address the access to care problem for children. Pediatr Dent 2009;31(7):464–466.
Miller WR, Rollnick S, Butler BC. Motivational interviewing in healthcare. New York: Guilford; 2008; p. 210.
Weinstein P. Motivational interviewing concepts and the relationship to risk management and patient counselling. J Calif Dent Assoc 2011;39(10):742–745.
Yevlahova D, Satur J. Models for individual oral health promotion and their effectiveness: a systematic review. Aust Dent J 2009;54(3):190–197. DOI: 10.1111/j.1834-7819.2009.01118.x.
Noordman J, van der Weijden T, van Dulman S. Communication-related behaviour change techniques used in face-to-face lifestyle interventions in primary care: a systematic review of the literature. Patient Educ Couns 2012;89(2):227–244. DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2012.07.006.
Resnicow K, Davis R, Rollinick D. Motivational interviewing for pediatric obesity: conceptual issues and evidence reviews. J Am Diet Assoc 2006;106(12):2024–2033. DOI: 10.1016/j.jada.2006.09.015.
Hettema J, Steele J, Miller WR. Motivational interviewing. Annu Rev Clin Psychol 2005;1:91–111. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.1.102803.143833.
Lundahl B, Burke BL. The effectiveness and applicability of motivational interviewing: a practice-friendly review of four meta-analyses. J Clin Psychol 2009;65(11):1232–1245. DOI: 10.1002/jclp.20638.
Lundahl B, Moleni T, Burke BL, et al. Motivational interviewing in medical care settings: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Patient Educ Couns 2013;93(2):156–168. DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2013.07.012.
Erickson SJ, Gerstle M, Feldstein SW. Brief interventions and motivational inter viewing with children, adolescents, and their parents in pediatric settings. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2005;159(12):1173–1180. DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.159.12.1173.
Tinanoff N, Daley NS, O-Sullivan DM, et al. Failure of intense preventive efforts to arrest early childhood and rampant caries: three case reports. Pediatr Dent 1999;21(3):160–163.
Schwartz RP, Hamre R, Dietz WH, et al. Office-based motivational interviewing to prevent childhood obesity. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2007;161(5):495–501. DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.161.5.495.
Ramos-Gomez F, Crystal YO, Domejean S, et al. Minimal intervention dentistry: part 3. Paediatric dental care - prevention and intervention protocols using caries risk assessment for infants and young children. Br Dent J 2012;213(10):501–508. DOI: 10.1038/sj.bdj.2012.1040.
Suarez M, Mullins S. Motivational interviewing and pediatric health behavior interventions. J Dev Behav Pediatr 2008;29(5):417–428. DOI: 10.1097/DBP.0b013e31818888b4.
Moyers TB, Martin T, Manuel JK, et al. Revised Global Scales: Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity 3.0 (MITI 3.0) 2007.
Gao X, Lo ECM, ChingChingKot S, et al. Motivational interviewing in improving oral health: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. J Periodontol 2013;85(3):426–437. DOI: 10.1902/jop.2013.130205.
Weinstein P, Harrison R, Benton T. Motivating parents to prevent caries in their young children. J Am Dent Assoc 2004;135(6):731–738. DOI: 10.14219/jada.archive.2004.0299.
Weinstein P, Harrison R, Benton T. Motivating mothers to prevent caries: confirming the beneficial effect of counselling. J Am Dent Assoc 2006;137(6):789–793. DOI: 10.14219/jada.archive.2006.0291.
Harrison R, Benton T, Everson Stewart S, et al. Effect of motivational interviewing on rates of early childhood caries: a randomized controlled trial. Pediatr Dent 2007;29(1):16–22.
Prochaska JO, DiClimente CC. The transtheoretical approach: crossing traditional boundaries of therapy. Illinois: Don Jones/Irwin; 1984.
Ismail AI, Odersma S, Willem Jedele JM, et al. Evaluation of a brief tailored motivational intervention to prevent early childhood caries. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2011;39(5):433–448. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0528.2011.00613.x.
Scottish Intercollegiate Guideline Network (SIGN). Dental interventions to prevent caries in children. Edinburgh: Healthcare Improvement Scotland; 2014.
Naidu R, Nunn J, Irwin JD. The effect of motivational interviewing on oral healthcare knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of parents and caregivers of preschool children: an exploratory cluster randomised controlled study. BMC Oral Health 2015;15:101. DOI: 10.1186/s12903-015-0068-9.
Michie S, Richardson M, Johnston M, et al. The behaviour change technique (v1) of 93 hierarchically clustered techniques: building an international consensus for the reporting of behavior change interventions. Ann Behav Med 2013;46:46–81. DOI: 10.1007/s12160-013-9486-6.
Naidu R, Nunn J, Kelly A. Socio-behavioural factors and early childhood caries: a cross-sectional study of preschool children in central Trinidad. BMC Oral Health 2013;13:30. DOI: 10.1186/1472-6831-13-30.
Finlayson T, Siefert K, Ismail AI, et al. Reliability and validity of brief measures of oral health-related knowledge, fatalism and self-efficacy in mothers of African American children. Pediatr Dent 2005;27(5):422–448.
Weinstein PW. Motivate Your Dental Patients A Workbook: The Public Health/Paediatric Edition. Seattle: University of Washington; 2002.
Britt E, Hudson SM, Blampied NM. Motivational interviewing in health settings: a review. Patient Educ Couns 2004;53(2):147–155. DOI: 10.1016/S0738-3991(03)00141-1.
Colvara BC, Faustino-Silva DD, Meyer E, et al. Motivational interviewing in preventing early childhood caries in primary healthcare: a community-based randomized cluster trial. J Dent Educ 2019;83:585–594. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2018.05.016.
Freudenthal JJ, Bowen DM. Motivational interviewing to decrease parental risk-related behaviors for early childhood caries. J Dent Hyg 2010;84(1):29–34.
Watt R. Motivational interviewing may be effective in dental settings. Evid Based Dent 2010;11(1):13. DOI: 10.1038/sj.ebd.6400702.
Hooley M, Skouteris H, Boganin C, et al. Parental influence and the development of dental caries in children aged 0–6 years: a systematic review of the literature. J Dent 2012;40(11):873–885. DOI: 10.1016/j.jdent.2012.07.013.
Jönsson B, Ohrn K, Lindberg P, et al. Evaluation of an individually tailored oral health educational programme on periodontal health. J Clin Periodontol 2010;37(10):912–919. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2010.01590.x.
Miller WR. A small study of training in motivational interviewing: does one workshop change clinician and client behavior? Behav Cogn Psychother 2001;29(4):457–471. DOI: 10.1017/S1352465801004064.