Journal of South Asian Association of Pediatric Dentistry

Register      Login

VOLUME 2 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2019 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

A Questionnaire-based Study to Assess the Level of Awareness among Parents about Preventive Measures and its Relationship with Dental Health Status of 6–12 Years Old Children in Panchkula, Haryana, India

Sakshi Bamba, Sanjay Chachra, Himanshu Duhan

Keywords : DMFT/dmft, Oral health awareness, Parents, School-going children

Citation Information : Bamba S, Chachra S, Duhan H. A Questionnaire-based Study to Assess the Level of Awareness among Parents about Preventive Measures and its Relationship with Dental Health Status of 6–12 Years Old Children in Panchkula, Haryana, India. J South Asian Assoc Pediatr Dent 2019; 2 (1):10-13.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10077-3022

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-06-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; The Author(s).


Background: Good oral health is important for the overall health and well-being of a child and is one of the building blocks for a disease-free life. Parent/caregiver plays a major role in a child's life, so their knowledge and attitude about oral health will have a great impact on the child's oral health. Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate oral health awareness in parents of children aged 6-12 years in Panchkula and its relationship with the dental health status of their wards. Materials and methods: Two hundred parents of children aged 6-12 years with no systemic condition/pathology were included in the study. A comprehensive questionnaire with apparent validity was designed covering questions regarding views of parents for their children on oral health knowledge, caries prevention, and role of diet which was distributed to the parents. Data were statistically analyzed using SPSS 20. Results: The results showed that children of parents having unsatisfactory knowledge of oral health had higher decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT/dmft) scores as compared to the children of parents having satisfactory knowledge of oral health. Conclusion: Education of parents regarding oral health is important in keeping their child's oral health in good condition.

  1. Chacko V, Shenoy R, et al. Self-reported awareness of oral health and infant oral health among pregnant women in Mangaluru, India—a prenatal survey. Int J Health Rehabil Sci 2013;2:109–115.
  2. Berkowitz RJ. Causes, treatment and prevention of early childhood caries: a microbiologic perspective. J Can Dent Assoc 2003;69:304–307.
  3. Ali A, Ali S. Caries prevalence among school children age 6–14 years in Gadap town Karachi in relation to the awareness of their parents toward oral health. Pak Oral Dental J 2013;33(2):354–358.
  4. Donahue GJ, Weddell N, et al. The ABCD's oftreating the most prevalent childhood disease. Am J Public Health 2005;95(8):1322–1324. DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2004.057778.
  5. Khan H. Dental caries-preventive concepts of dentists in Peshawar. Pak Oral Dental J 2005;25(1):87–92.
  6. Hood CA, Hunter ML, et al. Demographic characteristic, oral health knowledge and practices of mothers of children aged 5 years and under referred for extraction of teeth under GA. J Paediatr Dent 1998;8:131.136. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-263X.1998.00068.x.
  7. Dela Cruz GG, Rozier RG, et al. Dental screening and referral of young children by pediatric primary care providers. Pediatrics 2004;114:642.652. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2004-1269.
  8. Psoter WJ, Zhang H, et al. Classification of dental caries patterns in the primary dentition: a multidimensional scaling analysis. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2003;31:231.238. DOI: 10.1034/j.1600- 0528.2003.00044.x.
  9. Ramos-Gomez F, Jue B, et al. Implementing an Infant Oral Care Program. J Calif Dent Assoc 2002;30:752.761.
  10. World Health Organization. Oral health surveys: basic methods, 4th ed. World Health Organization; 1997., last accessed on 18/01/19.
  11. Roberts MW. Dental health of children: where we are today and remaining challenges. J Clin Pediatr Dent 2008;32:231.234. DOI: 10.17796/jcpd.32.3.d5180888m8gmm282.
  12. Momeni A, Mardi M, et al. Caries Prevalence and Treatment Needs of 12-year-old children in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Med Princ Pract 2006;15:24.28. DOI: 10.1159/000089381.
  13. Shah SA, Muntaha ST, et al. Incidence of caries in 6.12 years children visiting Punjab Dental Hospital, Lahore and Sardar Begum Dental College and Hospital, Peshawar. Pak Oral Dent J 2008;28:117.122.
  14. Kalra S, Simratvir M, et al. Change in dental caries status over 2 years in children of Panchkula, Haryana: a longitudinal study. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent 2011;1(2):57.59. DOI: 10.4103/2231-0762.97701.
  15. Leena MM, Paivi R, et al. Childhood caries isstill in force: a 15-year follow up. Acta Odontol Scand 2008;66:189.192. DOI: 10.1080/00016350802123100.
  16. Al-Malik MI, Rehbini YA. Prevalence of Dental Caries, Severity and Pattern in Age 6 to 7-year-old Children in a Selected Community in Saudi Arabia. J Contemp Dent Pract 2006;2:46.54. DOI: 10.5005/jcdp-7-2-46.
  17. Joshi N, Rajesh R, et al. Prevalence of dental caries amongschool children in Kulasekharam village: a correlated prevalencesurvey. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2005;23:138.140. DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.16887.
  18. Dhar V, Jain A, et al. Prevalence of dental caries and treatment needs in the school-going children of rural areas in Udaipur district. J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent 2007;25:119.121. DOI: 10.4103/0970-4388.36560.
  19. Kalsbeek H, Verrips GH. Consumption of sweet snacks and caries experience of primary school children. Caries Res 1994;28:477.483. DOI: 10.1159/000262023.
  20. Elena B, Petr L, et al. Oral health and children attitudes among mothersand schoolteachers in Belarus. Stomatologija 2004;6:40.43.
  21. Vallejos-Sanchez AA, Medina-Solis CE, et al. Sociobehavioral factors influencing toothbrushing frequency among schoolchildren. J Am Dent Assoc 2008;139:743.749. DOI: 10.14219/jada.archive.2008.0256.
  22. Razmien. J, Vanagas G, et al. The relation between oral hygiene skills and the prevalence of dental caries among 4.6 year-old children. Stomatologija 2011;13:62.
  23. Oulis CJ, Raadal M, et al. Guidelines on the use of fluoridein children an EAPD policy document. Eur J Paediatr Dent 2000;1:7.11.
  24. Sjogren K, Birkhed D. Factors related to fluoride retention after tooth brushing and possible connection to caries activity. Caries Res 1993;27:474.477. DOI: 10.1159/000261583.
  25. Isong IA, Zuckerman KE, et al. Association between parents and childrens useof oral health services. Pediatrics 2010;125:502.508. DOI: 10.1542/peds.2009-1417.
  26. Van den Branden S, Van den Broucke S, et al. Effects of time and socio-economic status on the determinants of oral healthrelated behaviours of parents ofpreschool children. Eur J Oral Sci 2012;120:153.160. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0722.2012.00951.x.
  27. Camargo MB, Barros AJ, et al. Predictors of dental visits for routine check-ups andfor the resolution of problems among preschool children. Rev Saude Publica 2012;46:87.97. DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102012005000004.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.